OxyContin’s Health Effects
OxyContin is as an opioid agonist due its Oxycodone content. Oxycodone is categorized a Schedule II drug. OxyContin is prescribed to manage severe pain for patients who have built tolerance to an opiate of equal potency. Statistics have shown that it is one of the most frequently prescribed drugs in the country. Some doctors have prescribed them illegally. This is the case of Manhattan Dr. Mirilashvili who was recently arrested and accused of prescribing oxycodone that was not medically necessary.
The way oxycontin affects your health depends on the amount administered, and the presence of other medical disorders. Major body systems effected of are:
- Nervous system: common side effects to this system may include sedation, dizziness, dry mouth, and headache. Administration of this drug to patients with Addison’s disease can lead to respiratory depression. Mechanical ventilation may be necessary before agonists like Oxycontin can be administered otherwise patients may experience increased intracranial pressure and alteration in the CNS functions.
- Gastrointestinal: side effects of Oxycontin may include vomiting, constipation, and nausea. Patietns with colon cancer esophageal cancer may experience difficulty in swallowing Oxycontin tablet, bowel obstruction, and exacerbation of diverticulitis.
- Respiratory: administration of high dosage of Oxycontin may cause anoxia, hypoxia, and rigidity of respiratory muscles, sleep apnea, and upper airway obstruction.
- Hepatic: oxycontin’s serum concentration may increase in patients with a liver condition.
- Cardiovascular: a therapeutic dosage may cause hypotension and dizziness. It can also lead to cardiac arrest, vasodilatation, shock, arrhythmia and bradycardia when administered quickly.
- Renal: individuals with renal impairment may suffer from drug accumulation, and have greater risks of toxicity.
- Psychiatric: the most common withdrawal effects of this drug may include anxiety, agitation, paranoia, psychosis, and restlessness.
To get more information about substance abuse and about how to treat it, call 914-829-5799. Patients who have failed at achieving long-term sobriety should find a new approach based on scientific studies. Seeking treatment for addiction may require research in order to find the best approach.